﻿ 利用模糊Delphi法对绿色装修评估指标的调研与分析 Analysis and Investigation for the Evaluating Index of Green Decoration by Fuzzy Delphi Method

Hans Journal of Civil Engineering
Vol.06 No.06(2017), Article ID:22567,8 pages
10.12677/HJCE.2017.66065

Analysis and Investigation for the Evaluating Index of Green Decoration by Fuzzy Delphi Method

Hui Xiong*, Geng Li

Guangdong Jinglong Construction Group, Ltd., Guangzhou Guangdong

Received: Oct. 15th, 2017; accepted: Oct. 29th, 2017; published: Nov. 2nd, 2017

ABSTRACT

In the present paper, the relevant literatures of green decoration in the world have been discussed by the method of content analysis, and the evaluating index and its subordinate project of green decoration have been sorted out, and according to our own research, a new index-project framework has been built. For this new framework, through the method of expert interview, their opinion for the index and its including projects have been investigated to establish the evaluating index-project. Moreover, by using the fuzzy Delphi method, the questionnaire for the expert interview has been analyzed to explore the importance of the indicators and the projects.

Keywords:Green Decoration, Evaluating Index, Fuzzy Delphi Method, Questionnaire Survey

1. 引言

1) 规划指标：管控空气质量、环境控制、建立环保共识、避免废纸产生、材料选用、减少修改设计 [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] ；

2) 运输指标：使用本地劳工、控制污染、废弃物、回收废弃物 [1] - [6] ；

3) 使用指标：低耗散性材料、室内控制系统、高耐用材料、通用设计、收纳设计 [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [7] ；

4) 回收指标：再生材料 [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [8] [9] ；

5) 再生指标：使用现有材料、弹性设计、室内循环系统 [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [7] [8] [9] 。

2. 评估指标

3. 专家问卷资料之适合度检验

3.1. 受测样本属性

Table 1. Summary of the revised assessment by using content analysis method

1) 性别：男性13名(86.7%)；女性2名(13.3%)。

2) 年龄：30岁以下1名(6.7%)，31~40岁8名(53.3%)，41~50岁4名(26.7%)，50岁以上2名(13.3%)。

3) 工作年限：3~5年2名(13.3%)，6~10年3名(20.0%)，11~15年7名(46.7%)，16~20年1名(6.7%)，21年以上2名(13.3%)。

4) 最高学历：高中职1名(6.7%)，专科2名(13.3%)，学院大学5名(33.3%)；硕士7名(46.7%)。

5) 教育背景：室内设计9名(60.0%)，建筑/空间设计1名(6.7%)，美术美工1名(6.7%)，家具木工1名(6.7%)，其他3名(20.0%)。

6) 是否担任室内设计相关专业教学工作：有5人(33.3%)。

3.2. 信度及K-S适合度检定

4. 评估指标筛选与重要程度分析

4.1. 普通重要评估项目

1) A指标：A11, A12, A13, A14, A21, A22, A23, A24, A31, A41, A42, A43, A44

2) B指标：B12, B21, B22

3) C指标：C11, C12, C13

4) D指标：D11, D12, D21, D22, D23, D31, D32

5) E指标：E11, E12, E13

4.2. 相对重要程度之阈值

$\begin{array}{c}{W}_{{A}_{11}}=\left(\underset{{A}_{11}}{\mathrm{min}},\underset{{A}_{11}}{\mathrm{max}},{\mu }_{{A}_{11}}\right)\\ =\left(6,10,8.62\right)\end{array}$

Table 2. K-S test list of the green decoration evaluation questionnaire for experts

$DX=\frac{1}{3}\left(5.89+9.11+7.55\right)=7.52,$

5. 研究结果

Table 4. Case execution tableand the importance degree of the evaluation indicators

Analysis and Investigation for the Evaluating Index of Green Decoration by Fuzzy Delphi Method[J]. 土木工程, 2017, 06(06): 539-546. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/HJCE.2017.66065

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11. NOTES



*通讯作者。