﻿ 河流水污染负荷贡献类型的控制断面通量识别法 Period Flux Recognition Method and Application of River Water Pollution Load Contribution Types

Vol.07 No.06(2017), Article ID:23268,6 pages
10.12677/AG.2017.76084

Period Flux Recognition Method and Application of River Water Pollution Load Contribution Types

Qing Liu, Jian Zhao*, Guo Fu

Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing

Received: Dec. 7th, 2017; accepted: Dec. 21st, 2017; published: Dec. 29th, 2017

ABSTRACT

Clarifying the contribution type of river water pollution load, has important role for the pollution sources monitoring and management, and directly determines the direction of the pollution control investment and strength. This paper puts forward a set of method by using the period flux to identify the contribution type of water pollution load; sets up a simple calculation method of period flux; improves the conventional point source and non-point segmentation; puts forward the judgment standard of the water pollution load contribution types. The example shows that the method is feasible, and can provide scientific basis and technical support for the river basin water pollution control planning.

Keywords:River, Point Source, Non-Point Source, Period Flux, Pollution

1. 引言

2. 研究方法

2.1. 河流断面污染物时段通量估算方法

$L=\alpha K\underset{1}{\overset{n}{\sum }}\frac{{C}_{i}{Q}_{i}}{n}+\left(1-\alpha \right)K\underset{1}{\overset{n}{\sum }}{C}_{i}{\stackrel{¯}{Q}}_{p}$ (1)

2.2. 河流断面通量点源和非点源的分割方法

$\stackrel{¯}{{L}_{da}}=\frac{1}{n}\underset{i=1}{\overset{n}{\sum }}{L}_{di}×{k}_{1}$ (2)

${L}_{n}=\stackrel{¯}{{L}_{da}}×12+\underset{j=1}{\overset{m}{\sum }}\left({L}_{fj}-\stackrel{¯}{{L}_{da}}\right)×\left(1-{k}_{2}\right)$ (3)

${L}_{p}=\underset{j=1}{\overset{m}{\sum }}\left({L}_{fj}-\stackrel{¯}{{L}_{da}}\right)×{k}_{2}$ (4)

Table 1. The estimation methods, features and applied range analysis of the river period-fluxes

2.3. 河流断面水污染负荷类型的判别标准

3. 应用实例

3.1. 岷江主要断面污染物月通量

Table 2. Description of water pollution load types

Table 3. Estimation of fluxes per month of Min River in 2007

3.2. 污染负荷贡献类型分析

4. 结论和建议

1) 本文在前人工作的基础上建立了一个简单的通量计算方法，该方法适合点源和非点源多种情况的时段。该方法的下一步工作是利用自动监测站数据，验证其准确性，并与其他方法进行对比分析。

2) 本文在概念上明确点源和非点源分割改进的方法，从实用角度提出以月径流量与月通量相关系数确定丰水期点源通量增量调整系数。该方法的主要改进方向在于丰水期点源通量增量的调整系数更精确的估算。

Table 4. Linear correlations of runoff volume per month and concentration and flux per month of Min River

Table 5. Distribution of point souse and non-point source

3) 岷江流域主要断面实例计算分析表明本文提出的负荷估算及贡献类型识别方法的实际效果。流域高锰酸盐污染主要以非点源贡献为主，氨氮以点源贡献为主，结果可为流域水污染控制规划提供科学依据。

Period Flux Recognition Method and Application of River Water Pollution Load Contribution Types[J]. 地球科学前沿, 2017, 07(06): 819-824. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/AG.2017.76084

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15. NOTES



*通讯作者。