﻿ 电子自旋和精细结构常数的物理意义 The Physical Meaning of the Electron Spin and the Fine Structure Constant

Modern Physics
Vol.05 No.03(2015), Article ID:15232,8 pages
10.12677/MP.2015.53007

The Physical Meaning of the Electron Spin and the Fine Structure Constant

Qingju Tian

Panjiakou Ministry of Water Resources Water Conservancy Bureau, Tianjin

Email: tqj1960@163.com

Received: Apr. 28th, 2015; accepted: May 12th, 2015; published: May 18th, 2015

ABSTRACT

This paper briefly describes the concepts of the quaternion full time D, quaternion momentum G and the quaternion full speed c. Applying these concepts, we study the electronic image, electron spin and the fine-structure constant. Meanwhile, a new calculating formula is derived and more understanding of its physical meaning is given. On the contrary, the scientific nature of the new concept is verified indirectly.

Keywords:Electronic Radius of Classic, Compton Wavelength, Quaternion Momentum, The Electronic Image

Email: tqj1960@163.com

1. 引言

2. 全时间、全动量和全速度概念

2.1. 四元数全时间D的意义

， (1)

(2)

2.2. 四元数全动量G的意义

， (3)

(4)

2.3. 全时间D和全动量G的关系

， (5)

， (6)

， (7)

， (8)

2.4. 定态波函数的传播与全速度概念

(9)

， (10)

，可见，粒子质量、全动量和全速度的关系为

Figure 1. Schematic diagram of De Broglie planwave propagation

， (11)

,

， (12)

3. 电子自旋的意义

3.1. 氢原子结构描述

3.2. 电子自旋的推导

1) 若将电子想象成一不停自转独立的经典三维小“带电球”，那么电子的经典半径[2] 计算如下

，电容

， (13)

(14)

2) 正确的途径与定义，应以微观粒子双波包双原点模型和客观实验为基础来建立。试想当电子不

Figure 2. Hydrogen atoms protons and electrons are coupled state diagram

(a) (b)

Figure 3. Electron motion state diagram

(15)

(16)

4. 自由电子形象猜想

5. 精细结构常数的物理意义

Figure 4. Negatively charged electrons 3D x space diagram

(17)

， (18)

(19)

6. 结语

The Physical Meaning of the Electron Spin and the Fine Structure Constant. 现代物理,03,48-56. doi: 10.12677/MP.2015.53007

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2. 2. 赵国球 (1993) 电子大小的估算与测量. 现代物理知识, 2, 32.

3. 3. 周世勋 (1979) 量子力学教程. 人民教育出版社, 北京.