﻿ 对高校学生评优评先方案的统计学分析与论证 The Statistical Analysis and Demonstration of Evaluation Scheme for Undergraduates in College

Statistics and Application
Vol.07 No.04(2018), Article ID:26608,5 pages
10.12677/SA.2018.74051

The Statistical Analysis and Demonstration of Evaluation Scheme for Undergraduates in College

Yuan Zhou

Central China Normal University, Wuhan Hubei

Received: Aug. 2nd, 2018; accepted: Aug. 20th, 2018; published: Aug. 27th, 2018

ABSTRACT

This project investigated the opinions and suggestions on current evaluation scheme among undergraduates in CCNU via questionnaire, and then quantized the importance of related indices in order to gain the average satisfaction of each index in students’ minds. On the other hand, for the sake of scientificity, the raw data of the undergraduates enrolled in 2014 in the school of mathematics and statistics were chosen and handled, with such statistical methods as factor analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis. By comparing the advantages and disadvantages of different methods, the final scheme and name list of evaluation based on raw data will be given. This research production can be naturally extended to all the data-based evaluations.

Keywords:Evaluation, Principal Component Analysis, Factor Analysis, Cluster Analysis

1. 引言

2. 研究分析过程

2.1. 调查问卷分析

①理想中的学分绩平均占比达到68%，同时有四分之一以上的人认为学分绩应该占比80%

②科研创业、获奖情况、发表文章论文等重要性相较学生干部加分、志愿活动加分、认证考试加分(问卷中的认证考试指大学英语四、六级考试、计算机等级考试等)更高。

③同时，有59.5%的学生认为，挂科导致三好学生评比一票否决制度不合理。

2.2. 主成分分析

2.3. 因子分析

2.4. 聚类分析

2.4.1. 层次聚类

2.4.2. k均值聚类

2.4.3. 密度聚类

2.4.4. 聚类方法的评估

3. 结论

Table 1. Comparison among the lists given by different cluster analysis methods

The Statistical Analysis and Demonstration of Evaluation Scheme for Undergraduates in College[J]. 统计学与应用, 2018, 07(04): 445-449. https://doi.org/10.12677/SA.2018.74051

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